chura caste surnames
, In the northern Indian subcontinent, the Chuhra Dalits are divided into the sub-castes including the Sahotra, Gill, Khokhar, Mattu, Bhatti, Sindhu, Ladhar, Untwal, Hansi, Dharival, Kandabari, Khosar, Borat, Chhapriband, and Lal Begi. , As with the Lal Begi, the majority of Hindu Chuhras belong to the Balmiki sect of Hinduism. The upper-class Muslims rarely marry people from occupational castes and similarly, people from occupational castes avoid getting married to people from service castes. The caste system is a form of social stratification where, historically, Hindu Indians were grouped by their occupation within society. However, Indian texts state that only a sub-sect of Brahmins was originally involved in priestly duties, whereas others were warriors, doctors, agriculturists, traders, poets, writers, landowners, and held a variety of other occupations in the Indian subcontinent . Your email address will not be published.  The status of the Christian Chuhra as Dalit Christians continues to be "distinct feature of social discrimination" against them. If the title is used as a prefix then the person is believed to belong from the upper-caste and if the title is used in the surname then it indicates that the person belongs to the lower rung of society. 11 Land Laws repealed, outdated provisions removed in J&K. They even maintain distance from us if we somehow end up in their social gatheringsâ. Names such as Pusapati and Kothapalli are both Kshatriya surnames. He further said that the Mohalla has 500 houses in the historic old city of Srinagar and people from these houses work as sweepers in local Municipalities. , According to the 2001 Census of India, the Balmikis formed 11.2 per cent of the Scheduled Caste population in Punjab and were the second-most populous Scheduled Caste in Delhi National Capital Region. In India the caste system was fully observed by Muslims. The ongoing issue faced by the lower caste in the Kashmir valley has been relegated to the background.  The word Bhangi is derived from Bhang which means Destroyed.
 In the Baluchistan Province of colonial India, the majority of Chuhras in the 1931 Indian Census thus recorded themselves as "Hindu Balmiki". , The word "Chuhra" is derived from the word "Shudra", one of the varnas in Hinduism.
He has categorised the Kashmiri castes into three different groups. Chuhra, also known as Bhanghi and Balmiki, is a Dalit caste in India and Pakistan. He further added that people living in these Mohallas are treated as second-class citizens and people of higher class hesitate in hanging out with them at social gatherings. The second group in the list is the occupational castes which include surnames like Wani, Zargar, Bhat, Naqash, Lone, Khandey, Ahangar, etc.  The Balmiki Sabha was applauded by the Indian National Congress in the mid-1940s for heralding its political message among the Chuhras. There are many subcategories that fall under the umbrella of the four major varnas, many more names, and even more spelling variations. They have many subdivisions. , The Bhangis claim descent from Balmiki (also known as Lal Beg or Balashah), a Brahmin who composed the Ramayana and who is worshipped as a Hindu patron saint by the Bhangis.
As far as the marriage is concerned every Kashmiri family tries to marry their children either into the upper-class families or families of the same caste. Under the Kshatriyas are the Vaishyas, the farmers, traders, and merchants. An upper-caste woman might tell her unkempt daughter to tidy herself up so she doesn’t look like a chura, another dalit group.
The Chuhras did not accept Mohammed as their prophet and also continued observing traditional Hindu festivals, such as Diwali, Raki and Holi. While there is rich cultural significance in these Hindu surnames, it is important to highlight the fact that once these families immigrate to the United States or Canada, they are not defined by these social classes.
âThat is why we have separate colonies like Sheikh Mohallas, where they live in isolation and miserable conditionsâ. A couple examples of Brahmin surnames are Bhat, ‘scholar’ in Sanskirt, and Mukherjee. The people of Kashmir always denied inclination towards caste hierarchy but the reality is something else. , The following are sub-castes of the Balmiki/Bhangi/Chuhra caste:, The location "Chuhra-Chamar" is a locution used derisively by some members of the Jat caste to refer to both Dalit castes, the Chuhra and Chamar..  Today, Chuhras in Indian Punjab are largely followers of Sikhism. , The Balmikis represent 0.7 per cent in Andhra Pradesh and are mainly concentrated in Anantapur, Kurnool and Kadapa districts of Andhra Pradesh.  Their traditional occupation is sweeping, a "polluting" occupation that caused them to be considered untouchables in the Hindu caste system. The upper-caste people have always followed the strategy to keep the lower-caste people engaged and not to let them unite. Only a few cases of circumcision have ever been recorded for Chuhras or Bhangis and these were Chuhras who lived very near Jama Masjid. According to the book by Dabla, Syeds came to Kashmir in the 14th century. Next are Kshatriyas¸ the warriors at times of war and governors at times of peace. , In 1932 in colonial India, the Balmiki Sabha was created to advocate for the rights of the Chuhras. Kashmiris often ignore the uncomfortable question when talking about caste discrimination. The Ancestry Answer I Wouldn’t Have Expected: American. Politics have also contributed to caste-based discrimination. Required fields are marked *.
Bhangi were the defeated soldiers who destroyed their Jeneu instead of getting converted to Islam. (2003) Authority and Meaning in Indian Religions: Hinduism and the Case of Valmiki. Asian Indians are the fastest-growing ethnic group in the United States and Canada.
There are several other surnames that are used to identify this caste and these names are - Kaviraj, Barhath and Gadhavi.
They became an urban community. The Shudras are the community’s laborers, performing numerous different service jobs. The caste system is a form of social stratification where, historically, Hindu Indians were grouped by their occupation within society.
27.05.2002. The last group is the service caste with surnames like Hanjis, Waza, Gilkar, Sofi, Dobi, Ganie, Bangi, or Sheikh. Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics (like red hair). It is certain that a large majority of the 391,270 Indian Christians enumerated in Punjab were Chuhras - that is, the most stigmatized minority in the province. , Originally following the Balmiki sect of Hinduism, many Chuhras converted to Sikhism, Islam and Christianity during the colonial era in India. When these people adopted surnames, they turned to the caste system as a means to obtain a family name, thereby adopting names related to a distant ancestor’s occupation. Kashmiri Sociologist Dr. Afaq Aziz, told The Quint that the Kashmiri Muslims have diluted the caste-based discrimination but it had never been wiped out from the society. Same surnames in different linguistic race shows migration of Brahmins from one linguistic race to other linguistic race, and adoption of the surnames due to same professions. , In colonial India, there were waves of conversions to Christianity among the Chuhra and Chamar between the 1870s and 1930s in the Punjab Province and United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. During the colonial period they were brought from villages to remove human excrement and clean the cities. Patel, Yadav and Kurmi are a few of surnames historically associated with the Shudra working class.
They prefer to be called "Balmiki" or "Valmiki." , Chuhras who converted from Hinduism to Sikhism became known as Mazhabi Sikhs.
, Chuhras who converted from Hinduism to Islam were known as Musalis.
Sikh Caste Surnames List Famous Kashmiri sociologist, late Bashir Ahmed Dabla, in his book tried to explain the detailed nature of castes in Kashmir. ‘I’m in Canada … But the bulls–t castes are still here. In the United States, we don’t have castes, but these historical cultural divisions can still denote our identities.  Populated regions include the Punjab region of India and Pakistan, as well as Uttar Pradesh in India, among other parts of the Indian subcontinent. In the Indian caste system, there are four different varnas, or the major social classes, that caste-based surnames generally fall under. Many Kashmiri young men and women lost their lives who tried to marry someone of a different caste.  , The 2011 Census of India for Uttar Pradesh showed the Balmiki population, which was classified as a Scheduled Caste, as 1,319,241. Sheikh is an interesting caste. They bring with them diverse surnames indicating differences in religion, language, and culture, and frequently stemming from an inherited social system from across the globe. Chuhra, also known as Bhanghi and Balmiki, is a Dalit caste in India and Pakistan.
The upper-class people get more privileges than lower-class people. Leslie, J. However they never underwent circumcision. Families with the names Agrawal, Khandelwal and Mahawars all fall under this varna. The Indian caste system is a complex part of Hindu culture and this only touches the surface of its intricacies.
The political conflict in Kashmir has always taken a center stage to such an extent that several other socio-economic issues have been buried under its weight. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.  In Pakistani Punjab 90-95% of its Christian population are Dalit Christians of the Chuhra caste; other Chuhras practice Islam or continue to follow Hinduism.
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