nyx greek goddess
Okeanos (Oceanus)], fleeing the gloom of holy Nyx (Night) of sable steeds." Nyx has a shadowy figure, which makes her the perfect personification of the night. Her daughter is the goddess Hemera, goddess of daylight. Nyx is the Greek Goddess of the night, and the daughter of Chaos. Fairbanks) (Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D.) :
 The Spartans had a cult of Sleep and Death, conceived of as twins. . In the play Agamemnon, the Greek troops thank Nyx for helping them win the Trojan War. and Gods of Night (Di Omnes Noctis), be with me now! "Celestial Astra (Stars), dear progeny of Nyx (Night). : Hesiod, Theogony 744 ff (trans. : Aeschylus, Eumenides 321 ff (trans. West) (Greek hymns C3rd - C2nd B.C.) O'Neill) (Greek comedy C5th to 4th B.C.) She did not just rule over the night, she was the embodiment of night itself. Her ability to bring sleep or death unto to the human race. . Zeus raged, beating other gods within his household and searching everywhere for the god of sleep. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.)
. Nyx is also the first principle in the opening chorus of Aristophanes' The Birds, which may be Orphic in inspiration.
and thou, kindly Tellus (Earth) [Gaia], who dost for magic potent herbs provide . 497 ff (trans. : Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 3. The Gigantes: The Giants of Greek Mythology, Aeolus: Three Connected Figures in Greek Mythology.
Practitioners of magic were thought to be most powerful in the dark and could only perform many of their spells under the night sky.  Pausanias wrote : When you have ascended the citadel [of Megara], which even at the present day is called Karia (Caria) from Kar (Car), son of Phoroneus, you see a temple of Dionysos Nyktelios (Nyctelius, Nocturnal), a sanctuary built to Aphrodite Epistrophia (She who turns men to love), an oracle called that of Nyx (Night) and a temple of Zeus Konios (Cronius, Dusty) without a roof.  Cult titles composed of compounds of nyx- are attested for several deities, most notably Dionysus Nyktelios "nocturnal" and Aphrodite Philopannyx "who loves the whole night".. "Nyx (Night) rose from broad Okeanos (Oceanus), flooding all the earth with darkness bringing men release from toil. Greek Lyric IV) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) "O Somnus (Sleep) [Hypnos], vanquisher of woes, rest of the soul, the better part of human life, thou winged son of thy mother Astraea [i.e. Many of the primordial deities faded into the background when their role in the creation of the universe had ended. Hera had once asked Hypnos to put Zeus to sleep so that she could interfere with her hated stepson, Heracles. ", Philostratus the Younger, Imagines 5 (trans. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library, Greek text available from the same website, Online version at the Perseus Digital Library, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nyx&oldid=984431861, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles having same image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles needing additional references from February 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2013, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 02:07. When Zeus awoke and realized what had happened, he was so furious that he threatened to kill Hypnos.
"The Colchian [Medea] began to move through the dark night with sound of magic spells . They were often shown on battlefields where they were fearsome but inescapable spirits. 39. ", Aratus, Phaenomena 752 : .
"It was evening. ", Ovid, Fasti 5. [2.1] PHANES (Orphic Argonautica 12, Orphic Fragment 101), [1.1] AITHER, HEMERA (by Erebos) (Hesiod Theogony 124, Cicero De Natura Deum 3.17)
ii. . Phanes – the strange, monstrous, hermaphrodite Orphic demiurge – was the child or father of Nyx.
", Ovid, Metamorphoses 7. Nyx resided in a gloomy house located in Tartarus, in the depths of Hades' Underworld. Nyx Mons is located at latitude 30° North and longitude 48.5° East on the Venusian surface. "[Hypnos (Sleep) had conspired with Hera to put Zeus to sleep so that she could drive her stepson Dionysos mad :] [Zeus] would have imprisoned Hypnos (Sleep) in the darksome pit of gloom [Tartaros] to dwell along with murky Iapetos, but for the prayers of Nyx (Night) the vanquisher of gods and men.
In ancient art, Nyx was drawn in three different ways. And Gaia (Gaea, Earth) first bore starry Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven), equal to herself, to cover her on every side. "Sopor (Sleep) [Hypnos], driving Nox's (Night's) coursers. 485 ff (trans.
: to C1st A.D.) : 231 ff (trans. Nyx, however, had a chariot of black that was pulled by either a team of black horses or a pair of black bulls. In 1997, the International Astronomical Union approved the name Nyx for a mons (mountain/peak) feature on the planet Venus. 1 (trans. Her birthplace was not on Earth but in Gaia. The planned did not end very well. 280 ff : : to C1st A.D.) : Ovid, Fasti 4. Ever shall this house throughout the circling periods of the year hold thee high in honour and in worship; black bulls of chosen beauty shall pay thee sacrifice [black animals were sacrificed to the chthonic gods], O goddess! Descriptions of magic, particularly witchcraft, in the ancient world often included a call to Nyx. While other Greeks preferred gods of light like Apollo, the Orphic mysteries prayed to Persephone as the queen of the underworld and Hecate as the keeper of secret magic. While she was sometimes depicted as a woman en-robed in dark mists, she was understood to be the night itself. "[The Erinyes speak :] ‘You, divine (theai) Moirai (Fates), our sisters by one mother [Nyx], divinities who distribute justly.‘", Aeschylus, Doubtul Fragment 250 (from Plutarch, On Love 15.
It is unsurprising that Nyx was closely linked to Hecate, the goddess of magic and witchcraft. Roman authors mentioned cult practices and wrote hymns in her honor. 142 ff (trans. . Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 3. : Seneca, Hercules Furens 1063 ff (trans. ", Statius, Thebaid 1. 2. -Ovid, Metamorphoses 10.
Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Also known as Nix, Nox. "Eos' (Dawn's) celestial beams chased black Nyx (night) from the sky. 748; Eurip. ", Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 3.
"[From a description of an ancient Greek painting depicting the fall of Phaethon :] In his passion for driving this son of Helios (the Sun) [Phaethon] ventured to mount his father's chariot, but because he did not keep a firm rein he came to grief and fell into the Eridanos (Eridanus) . Sandys) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) He would not have a blue color until the Titaness Theia took her place. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C.
Orest. Greek goddess of persuasion and seduction. Nyx allowed her son refuge in her cave.  Hesiod says further that Nyx's daughter Hemera (Day) left Tartarus just as Nyx (Night) entered it; continuing cyclicly, when Hemera returned, Nyx left. Primordial goddess of the night. The moonstone is used to honor her to this day. Hesiod, Theogony from The Homeric Hymns and Homerica with an English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White, Cambridge, MA.,Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1914. "Rose Eos (the dawn), and thrust back kindly Nyx (Night) to Erebos (Netherworld Darkness). It reflects it’s owner and should be used during the full moon. ii. While Nyx moved across the sky at night, Hemera ruled it by day. "Verily at first Khaos (Chaos, the Gap) [Air] came to be, but next wide-bosomed Gaia (Gaea, Earth) . Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) Fairbanks) (Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D.) : Orphic Hymn 3 to Nyx (trans. Link will appear as Nyx: https://greekgodsandgoddesses.net - Greek Gods & Goddesses, June 10, 2018, © Greek Gods and Goddesses 2010 - 2020 | About | Contact | Privacy. Nyx, in Greek mythology, female personification of night but also a great cosmogonical figure, feared even by Zeus, the king of the gods, as related in Homer’s Iliad, Book XIV. ", Aeschylus, Fragment 33 Heliades (from Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 11. She could be so fearsome that even Zeus did not dare to upset her when she took one of her children under her protection. : Bacchylides, Fragment 1b (trans. § 3). And there the children of dark Nyx (Night) have their dwellings, Hypnos (Sleep) and Thanatos (Death) , awful gods. In his description of Tartarus, Hesiod locates there the home of Nyx, and the homes of her children Hypnos and Thanatos. The Oneiroi – Also denizens of Erebus, the Oneiroi were the. ", Colluthus, Rape of Helen 319 ff (trans. She is further said, without any husband, to have given birth to Moros, the Keres, Thanatos, Hypnos, Dreams, Momus, Oizys, the Hesperides, Moerae, Nemesis, and similar beings. Rackham) (Roman rhetorician C1st B.C.) Philotes – She was the personification of affection and friendship.
There are cult images and small shrines dedicated to Nyx, however. to lull to rest men's souls.’", Lycophron, Alexandra 432 (trans. : 276 ff (trans. ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. Campbell) (Greek lyric B.C.) That speaks volumes of her power. Day-Lewis) (Roman epic C1st B.C.)
549 ff (trans. You don’t notice Nyx as a central figure, in many of the mythical tales, but that doesn’t mean she wasn’t around. Campbell, Vol. She [the witch Kirke (Circe)] sprinkled round about her evil drugs and poisonous essences, and out of Erebos and Chaos called Nox (Nyx) and the Gods of Night (Di Nocti) and poured a prayer with long-drawn wailing cries to Hecate.
Glowing Helios (the Sun) never looks upon them with his beams, neither as he goes up into heaven nor as he comes down from heaven. She was either winged, charioteer, or crowned with an aureole of dark mists. (Hes. She was told to be very beautiful. : Pindar, Dirges Fragment 129 (trans. Homer goes on to say that Zeus, fearing to anger Nyx, held his fury at bay and in this way Hypnos escaped the wrath of Zeus by appealing to his powerful mother.
: Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae 1075 (trans.  Later, on her own, Nyx gives birth to Moros (Doom, Destiny), the Keres (Destruction, Death), Thanatos (Death), Hypnos (Sleep), the Oneiroi (Dreams), Momus (Blame), Oizys (Pain, Distress), the Hesperides, the Moirai (Fates), Nemesis (Indignation, Retribution), Apate (Deceit), Philotes (Friendship), Geras (Old Age), and Eris (Strife). "Nyx (night) with her gentle ban on man's activities descended on the company. 435 ff : 211.) While Nyx was not the mother of terrible monsters, she was the origin of many of the day to day woes that plagued the Greek people. ", Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. Cicero's list mostly follows Hesiod's Theogony, albeit with Latin translations of the word-names]. 627 ff : She isn't a major, but plays a big part. Cicero, De Natura Deorum 3. :
As the goddess of night and the consort of darkness, Nyx had an obvious place within the mystery cults of Greek religion. Lives off-season in the underworld as the wife of Hades. Hesiod, Theogony 115 ff (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : Ovid, Fasti 5. Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) 40. . went forth alone upon her roaming way, in the deep stillness of the midnight hour .
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